Being parents of premature is not easy. Passage in an incubator, feeding difficulty, multiple examinations, long stay. A maternity, special care, even light, that receives little too early are sometimes difficult to bear. Instead of feeling reassured by the increased surveillance, young parents are rather confused face of this tiny baby and its apparent fragility. Its slender shape, its thin skin, sometimes a bit “wrinkled”, his few hairs … The physical characteristics of a premature infant may accentuate this feeling of anxiety. That did not last obviously. Although prematurity is often difficult lives, little by little, baby gains weight, her face relaxes, he is regaining strength … It just grows!
If a preterm delivery has visible consequences, other effects depend on the developmental stage of its vital functions at birth. In premature infants, respiratory, digestive, liver … are indeed more or less immature. Disorders or deficiencies related to the prematurity may therefore appear over time: difficulty breathing, weak stomach, anemia, iron deficiency or lack of vitamins … care, examinations and monitoring performed in motherhood, which is sometimes extend to return home, are there to detect and remedy any problems. These are very rare for premature babies, born after the 33rd week of pregnancy. In prematurity, we must distinguish “premature baby” of the “big premature babies”!
The little premature is also a greater sensitivity to temperature variations. This leads him sometimes to be placed at birth in an incubator. This incubator (34 ° / 35 ° C) keeps his body at the correct temperature and ensure adequate wetting. To preserve the link between the mother and her baby in the incubator, it is quite possible to file a personal object reassuring and install directly into the incubator room.
Finally, a premature baby needs, even more than another, quiet sleep and serenity. It is often said that he should quietly end the period of gestation outside the womb of his mother. It must therefore follow up his pace and protect the excitement quite natural surrounding childbirth.
Accompany premature babies: The method “KANGAROO”
Today, prematurity been many advances. Coming from Colombia, where the resources were insufficient to support the many medically premature, the method called “Kangaroo” is now used in special units at the heart of motherhood. Simple and natural, this contact “skin to skin” with the mother or father, warms baby The rhythm of the heart of his parents also helps to make his own beat in unison, and thus regulate his breathing. The benefits are both physical and emotional: to extend the intimacy of pregnancy, bringing the mother and child, reassure parents and child to regain confidence … Contact “skin to skin” is sometimes associated with the technique of carrying that baby is to walk right up against itself. In 1987, Nathalie Charpak, French pediatrician based in Bogota, very interested in “Kangaroo Mother” and is leading a study that helps to demonstrate the benefits of this method on children. Since then, more and more pediatricians and obstetricians around the world are convinced of the usefulness of this method, primarily intended for very premature, but that can be applied to all infants.
The role of the father in the arrival of a premature baby?
A premature baby is obviously in need of care but also the affection and all the love of his mother … and her daddy! But it is not that baby is jeopardized by a premature delivery. For the mother is also a difficult hurdle to pass. Many feelings are mixed, the disquiet of course, but also sadness, frustration at not being able to live fully and serenely pregnancy and childbirth, guilt …. The fathers then have a role to play: listening, reading, dramatization, active participation in care … This experience may well prove rewarding, allowing everyone to find their place and the nuclear family to consolidate. Let us not forget, with the arrival of the first baby is also a family is born.
Although medical and surrounded by the love of his family, a premature baby usually knows growth and development quite normal and it catches up in 2 or 3 years its potential “gaps”. Without giving undue importance, without over-protecting your child, regardless of prematurity such as trauma: the experience, like any other life event, part of the family history.