Penumonia and Meningitis
Childhood vaccine against pneumococcal meningitis caused by the twelfth edition of the Latin American Congress of Pediatrics held in Motevideo, Uruguay, was presented the first vaccine against pneumococcal bacteria, which may be applied to infants aged two months.
The bacteria, whose scientific name is Streptococsus pneumoniae, can cause dreaded diseases such as meningitis, pneumonia and otitis media.
More than 40 thousand children around the world are hopelessly polluted and then die. According to experts, children may suffer from convalescent mental retardation. In Latin America bacterial meningitis caused by pneumococcus affects 30% of small and causes the deaths of six infants a day.
It is estimated that within three years more than 80% of children have experienced at least once a disease caused by bacteria. Pneumococcus is the bacterial agent that causes pneumonia more frequently and are exposed children under 5 years.
The bacterium is resistant to antibiotics and the creatures with this condition often require prolonged medical treatment and even hospitalization. The pneumococcal vaccine has been used successfully in clinical studies in the United States and some European countries.
The most feared disease that causes the bacterium pneumococcus (Streptococcus pneumoniae), is pneumonia and meningitis, but not the only ones seriously. Can cause infections in different parts of the body, and many of these can cause significant problems for the health of your children.
Pneumococcal infection is a major cause of serious illness and hospitalization. It is among the top ten causes of death in developed countries and its incidence in children under five is worrying. Vaccination is the most eficazpara preventive therapy to fight this disease. The vaccine schedule administration program in three doses every two months 2 to 6 months and a reminder of first to second year of the baby.
Children most vulnerable to pneumococcal infection are children under two years during the winter and spring seasons. Pneumococcus is commonly found in the nose and throat of healthy children and adults. Although not all carry the bacteria, that if they are potentially infecting other people by air.
Infection with the pneumococcal bacteria cause different diseases depending on the part of the body where it occurs:
- Meningitis (brain) is the more serious the consequences that may result. Its symptoms are high fever, vomiting, neck stiffness, drowsiness.
- The Bacteremia (bacteria in the circulation of blood): the main symptom is high fever, without which it becomes associated with another disease.
- Pneumonia (lung) is especially serious in children under 2 years. The most common symptoms include sweating, trembling, cold, cough, fever and chest congestion.
- Sinusitis (in the membranes of the sinuses) causes a fever, mucus and cough.
- Otitis media (ear): Symptoms include headache, fever and earache. In children, a constant ringing in the ears can be a sign of acute otitis media.